By Chomba Musika
IN A show of commitment to mitigate effects of climate change, Government has ratified the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer.
The ratification of the protocol will pave way for phasing out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) production and consumption by roughly 85 percent by the year 2045.
This approval of the protocol is aimed at protecting human health and the environment from the adverse effects of HFCs, as well as prevent a potential 0.5 degree Celsius rise in global temperature by the end of the century.
HFCs which contribute to carbon emissions, are super greenhouse gases, manufactured for use in refrigeration, air conditioning, aerosol, fire protection and solvents.
Acting chief government spokesperson Stephen Kampyongo said the ratification of the Kigali Amendment will contribute to the reduction of global warming and lead to enhanced human health through provision of regulation of HFCs.
Mr. Kampyongo said this in a statement to update the nation on the decisions made during the 24th Cabinet meeting held at State House yesterday chaired by President Edgar Lungu.
“The Ozone Depletion Substance (ODS) and HFC’s have been identified as substance that deplete the ozone layer and cause global warming, respectively; he said”
Mr. Kampyongo said currently, Zambian legislation regulates ODS’ under the Environmental Management Act and the Environmental Management Regulations Statutory Instrument of 2013.
“However, there is no legislative framework for the regulation of HFC’s. The ratification of the amendment will, therefore contribute to the reduction of the global warming and lead to enhanced human health and the environment,” he said
Mr. Kampyongo, who is Minister of Home affairs, said Cabinet also ratified the convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
The Genocide Convention, which was adopted in 1948 by the United Nations General, and was effected in 1951, has so far been ratified by majority of the UN member states, which includes 20 from Africa.
“Cabinet is of the view that international cooperation for the prevention and punishment of genocide is a potential menace to the peace and security of any country” he said.
The Minister said it is an international requirement for Zambia to ratify the convention in compliance with international best practices in the fight against genocide.
“Cabinet also ratified the protocol for the suppression on unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation.
The Minister said the ratification of the protocol complements the global fight against terrorism since Zambia, a member of the United Nations, is a landlocked country without its own coastline.
Mr. Kampyongo said Cabinet also approved repealing of the Tropical Diseases Centre Bill of 2019.
“The aim is to ensure that the research undertaken in addressing health problems goes beyond tropical diseases to include all communicable diseases such as TB and HIV/AIDS, as well as non – communicable diseases,” he said.
Cabinet also approved the introduction of a Bill in Parliament to repeal and replace the Water Supply and Sanitation Act number 28 0f 1997.
Mr. Kampyongo said this will provide mechanisms that will strengthen sustainable management and regulation of water supply and sanitation services.
The proposed repeal of the Act will enable Government, working in conjunction with key stakeholders, to accelerate universal access to water and sanitation in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goals.
And Cabinet also approved the National Water Supply and Sanitation Policy and its implementation plan which will guide and provide a framework for the sustainable, effective and efficient implementation of water supply and sanitation services in the country.
(Zambia Daily Mail)